Writing Multiple Choice Questions to Assess Evaluation

Here are some tips to consider when writing Multiple Choice Test Questions to assess Bloom’s learning objective, Evaluation (Bloom and Krathwohl, 1956.)

Evaluation is considered to be the highest level of learning; this is because for a candidate to evaluate material they need to be able to demonstrate skill in elements of all the previous learning objectives.

  • For a candidate to evaluate information, they need to be presented with material and criteria. You then have the option to choose if the criterion is set by the question or the candidate, although in the case of multiple choice questions you may find it substantially easier to set the criteria for a defined answer.  
  • The candidates will then be required to judge the material with the given criteria in mind. When writing a question to assess a candidate's ability to evaluate material you may ask them to criticise, prove, defend or recommend. 
  • As with synthesis, multiple choice questions are not often viewed as the most effective question types to test a candidate’s ability to evaluate information. Yet, it can be done successfully when you present the candidate with a clear situation/information, criteria and options.
  • In the case of evaluation it is easy to make the common error of allowing the answers to be subjective to opinion – to prevent this you will need to ascertain that there is one definite correct answer and leave no room for interpretation.

Then, present the criteria in the stem of the question by which the candidate needs to evaluate this information:

Finally present the candidate with several plausible options. 

In this situation, because the criterion has been set for the information to be evaluated by the viewpoint of Kant, the correct answer is now clear.

Note: The purpose of these articles is to provide you with general advice in the fields of assessment and testing. These articles are not intended to replace any regulations or instructions provided by your organisation, but may be used in conjunction with these materials to support the assessment process.

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