Assessment – The evaluation of an individual or group’s abilities, knowledge and understanding of a particular field.  

Attempted – The percentage of students who attempted the question.  

Availability – The time period in which a Test or Test Form is available for scheduling to be taken by candidates.

Avg. Attempted – The average number of students who attempted a question.  

Avg. Mark – The average mark attained by candidates answering the item.

Avg. Response Time – The average amount of time it takes a candidate to answer a question.  

Avg. Score – The average score achieved on a test.    


Candidate – The individual who sits tests or exams. Often referred to as a student or learner. Not to be confused with a User, Candidates will never log into Surpass.

Centre –  The venue where a test is taken. Not always a physical place, but for most organisations, this is usually a test centre, school, college or workplace. In Surpass, all candidates, users, and tests are associated with centres.

Centre Administrator – A Centre Administrator has the permissions to create and manage within a particular centre within Surpass.  

Choice Distribution Statistics – Data concerning the number of students who selected each answer option in multiple choice question types.    


DIF Analysis - Differential Item Functioning Analysis, designed to analyse if a question is performing the same across different groups for gender, age, race etc.

Discrimination Index – Also called “point biserial correlation”, this is the ability of an item to distinguish between high and low scorers, with a value between -1.00 and +1.00. If high scoring students get an item correct more frequently than low scoring students it is given a positive DI (between 0.00 and +1.00). If low performing students answer a question correctly more often than high scorers, it has a negative DI (between 0.00 and -1.00).  

Distractor – The incorrect answer options in a multiple choice or multiple response question type.  

Dynamic Test Form – A test that uses rules to select a minimum to maximum number of items from various types of searches to make up a test.    


Enable Override Auto-Mark – Use of the Enable Override Auto-Mark button permits users to override marks assigned to non-attempted and computer mark questions and edit the marks.  

End Date – The date a test expires.  

Enemy Items – An item with enemy items attached to it, when added to a test, prevents the user adding the items specified as enemy items to that test.    


Fixed Test Form – A test with a fixed set of items.  

Forced Choice Question – A question type requiring the candidate to select one from two available possible answers.  

Formative Assessment – A test with little or no weighting in a student’s final mark, used to assess their learning progress.  

Friend Items – An item with friend items attached to it, when added to a test, will automatically add all of the friend items as well.    


Grading Scale - A formula through which the user can calculate if a candidate has passed or failed a test according to particular values such as the Test Form Pass Mark and Fixed Pass Grade. 


Institution – An organisation that awards subjects to groups and individuals.  

Invigilator – An individual responsible for supervising the administration of a test to ensure everything proceeds in accordance with rules and regulations.  

Item – A page that appears in a test, most frequent items are questions. Others include information pages and introduction pages.    


Keycode – The eight digit alphanumeric code candidates use to access their test.  

Knowledge Base – The help site resource for using Surpass.    


Last Sat – The date on which a test was last sat in a live test session.  

Last Used – The date on which the item was last used in a test submitted by a candidate.  

Learning Outcomes – Intended results to be achieved at the end of the learning process, summarised in a statement e.g. to be able to balance equations.    


Marking Bias – Factors affecting an examiner’s marking decisions such as personal discrimination, order of papers and so on.  

Marking Type – The marking processes required for the question – computer-marking, human-marking or smart-marking.  

Marking Scheme – A document containing criteria required for marking the question specified.  

Multiple Choice Count Report – This report gives information on which responses have been selected by candidates. This comprises information on how many times each option has been selected as the answer, and how many times the question has been presented but not attempted.    


P Value – The number of students who answered the item correctly, the higher this number is, the easier the item is considered to be.  

Package Test Form – A downloadable copy of the test form that can be taken and checked by users or used as a test.   

Permissions – Granular access that can be assigned to Roles for Users. 

PIN – An alphanumeric value used by candidates to access their test.  

Plagiarism – An attempt made by an individual or group to pass off another individual or group’s work as their own, or the incorrect or insufficient crediting of another’s work by an individual or group in their work.    


Question Type – The form of question the student will be answering, such as multiple choice or essay type.  

Quintile – This is one fifth of the total number of candidates. Candidates are distributed according to their performance, the first quintile contains the top performing fifth of candidates, the fifth quintile contains the bottom performing fifth of candidates.    


Randomise Order – This option allows users to randomise the order that answer options will appear in the test.  

Roles  –  A definition of certain accesses given to Users of Surpass.

Rubric – Written criteria detailing the level of skill, knowledge, and understanding an individual is expected to meet in order to attain a particular grade or mark in an assessment or piece of work.    


Schedule –  Assigning a time and date range against an available Test, or Test Form, in which it can be taken by candidates.

SD – Standard Deviation – A figure demonstrating how much variation from the average exists. A low SD indicates that data points are close to the mean, a high SD indicates that the data points are spread out over a large range of values.

Shared Resource  – A resource material added to a Test Form for intended use by the candidates across multiple items/questions, usually a PDF or an image. 

Site Administrator – A Site Administrator is a user with the permissions to create and manage across all centres within the system.  

Source Booklet – The booklet containing source material used in paper tests. 

Start Date – The date a test is valid from to be scheduled.

Stem – The body of text containing the question in an assessment. 

Subject – The body of questions and content used to compile a test.

Subject Administrator – A Subject Administrator is a user with the permissions to create and manage subjects within a particular centre.

Subject Group – A collection of subjects from which the user can take content to make a test.

Summative Assessment – A test with a significant weighting in the student’s final mark, used as part of a final evaluation of their understanding and knowledge of the topic(s).


Tags –  A generic ‘label’ which can be set against an Item. Items can be searched for by Tag in Test Creation, and categorised by Tag in Results and Reporting. The default Tags in Surpass are: Learning Outcomes, Units, and Keywords.

Test – The assessment the candidates will be taking, either on-screen or on paper. A Test is the framework and settings applicable for all associated Test Forms.

Test Form – The version of the test the candidates will be taking. Multiple Test Forms can exist under the same Test in Surpass.


Unit – The topic being assessed; this usually falls into an overall subject. Also, a default tag group. 

Usage Count – The number of times an item has been used in a test.

User – A person who logs into, uses and interacts with Surpass.


Validity – A test will be specified as valid if it meets the rules specified during the creation of the test. Only valid tests can be taken by candidates.

Void – A process for invalidating a test due to an absence, withdrawal, partial completion or other reason.


Warehoused – A test that does not require SecureMarker will go straight to the warehoused state.

Workflow Status – The status an item is at in its creation e.g. draft, live, to review.

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